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Showing posts from October, 2012

Discuss about Colonial Law in Indonesia by Fordem PMII Cab. Ciputat

Law ofIndonesiais based on acivil lawsystem, intermixed with customary law and theRoman Dutch law. Before the Dutch colonization in the sixteenth century, indigenous kingdoms ruled the archipelago independently with their own custom laws, known asadat. Foreign influences from India, China and Arabia have not only affected the culture, but also weighed in the customary adatlaws.AcehinSumatra, for instances, observes their ownsharialaw, whileTorajaethnic group inSulawesiare still following theiranimisticcustomary law. Dutch presence and subsequent occupation of Indonesia for 350 years has left a legacy of Dutch colonial law, largely in the Indonesiacivil code. Following the independence in 1945, Indonesia began to form its own modern Indonesia law, not developing from scratch but with some modifications of the precepts of existing laws. As a result, these three components (adat, Dutch-Roman law, Islamic Law and modern Indonesia law) still co-exist in the current Indonesia laws. After its …


Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie (VOC) yang didirikan oleh para pedagang orang Belanda tahun 1602 maksudnya supaya tidak terjadi persaingan antara para pedagang yang membeli rempah-rempah dari orang pribumi dengan tujuan untuk mendapat keuntungan yang besar di pasaran Eropa. Sebagai kompeni dagang oleh pemerintahan Belanda diberikan hak-hak istimewa (octrooi) seperi hak monopoli pelayaran dan perdagangan, hak membentuk angkatan perang, hak mendirikan benteng, mengumumkan perang, mengadakan perdamain dan hak mencetak uang.